About Turkey

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Turkey has so much to offer its visitors – breathtaking natural beauties, unique historical and archaeological places, steadily improving hotel and touristic infrastructure and a tradition of hospitality and competitive prices.

Therefore, it is not surprising that this country has recently become one of the most popular tourism destination of the world. Due to Turkey’s diverse geography, one can experience four different climates in any one day. The rectangular shaped country which is surrounded on three sides by the three different seas. Its shores are laced with beaches, bays, coves, ports, islands and peninsulas.

The summers are long, lasting as long as the eight months in some areas. Turkey is also blessed with majestic mountains and valleys, lakes, rivers, waterfalls and grottoes perfect for winter, summer tourism and the sports of all kinds. Skiing fans, mountain climbers, trekkers, hikers and hunters are able to enjoy take a new and unforgettable experiences in Turkey. Turkey is, above anything else, a huge open-air museum, a repository of all the civilizations nurtured by the soils of Anatolia. The huge amount of the historical and archaeological wealth in Turkey seems more appropriate for an entire continent than a single country.

Recently, a new field of tourism has opened up in Turkey. It is a health tourism. The country is in fact rich with hot springs, healing waters and healing muds, which come highly recommended by the medical authorities as a remedy for many diseases.

For centuries, Turkey has also been a crossroads of religions, not only of Islam and Christianity, but also of many others now forgotten by history. Many religious devotees can find a site, a shrine, a monument, a tomb or a ruin connected with their faith or belief.

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A country of sun and history, Turkey straddles the point where Europe and Asia meet.

It is located where the three continents making up the old world, Asia, Africa and Europe, are closest to one another. Because of its geographical location, the mainland, Anatolia, has witnessed the mass migration of diverse people shaping the history. Home to countless civilizations, Anatolia has developed a unique blend of cultures—each with its own distinct identity, each linked to its predecessors through history. As an ancient land and modern nation, Turkey today holds and protects the common past of all people.

  • The land of ancient Asia Minor or Anatolia is today’s Turkey.
  • The earliest landscape painting in history exists on a wall of a Catalhoyuk house dating from 6200 BC. It shows the eruption of a volcano, probably the Mountain of Hasandag.
  • The first recorded international treaty in the world was the Treaty of Kadesh between the Hittite and Egyptian Empires, Hattusilis III and Ramses II, in 1284 BC and took place in today’s Turkey.
  • Two of the Seven Wonders of the World stood in Anatolia: the Temple of Artemis at Ephesus and the Mausoleum at Halicarnassus.
  • Many valuable findings from Anatolia can also be seen in museums all over the world. The Pergamum Museum of Berlin contains the Zeus Altar, Gateway to the Sanctuary of Athena from Pergamon Museum, Statues from Priene and the great Market Gate from Miletus. The British Museum has become the adopted home for the Temple of Artemis from Ephesus. The Mausoleum of Halicarnassus and the Harpy Tomb from Xanthos.
  • Many city names in different parts of the world such as Philadelphia, Paris, Antioch, Troy or the continental name “Europe” originate in Anatolia
  •  Troy is in Turkey and people can see all nine cities built on top of each other and the world famous wooden horse.
  • The words of Julius Caesar “Veni, vidi, vici(I came, I saw, I conquered)” were said in Amasya, east of Ankara when he came to Anatolia in 47 BC
  •  Mount Ararat (Agri) is in Anatolia. It is believed that Ararat is the place where Noah’s Ark landed. The last meal on Noah’s Ark, a pudding of sweet and sour taste (Asure), is still served throughout Turkey.
  •  Istanbul is chosen as Cultural capital of European Cities for 2010
  •  Turkey has very good flight connections because of its geographical location.
  • Only 1-4 hours flights from İstanbul to all European &Middle East Cities
  •  Turkey is noted for having one of the three (together with French and Chinese) most famous and distinctive traditional cuisines in the world.
  •  The Color “Turquoise” comes from the clean sea color on the Aegean Coast in Turkey.
  •  In Antalya, in the spring time you can both ski in the mountains & swim on the coast.
  •  Antalya Museum was rewarded specially by European Council as the best museum 1988 in Europe.
  •  Writing was first used by people in ancient Anatolia. The first clay tablets -in the ruins of Assyrian Karum (merchant colony) – date back to 1950 B.C.
  • Leonardo da Vinci drew designs for a bridge over the Bosphorus, the strait that flows through Europe and Asia. (It was never built then; but now there are two Bosphorus bridges.)
  • Aesop – famous all over the world for his fables and parables – was born in Anatolia.
  • The famous rivers Euphrates and Tigris which irrigated the fertile land of Mesopotamia are Eastern Turkey.
  • Parchment was invented by Pergamon in Pergamum north of Izmir.
  • The only city in the world located on two continents is Istanbul, which has been the capital of three great empires – Roman, Byzantine and Ottoman – for more than 2000 years.
  • Part of Turkey’s Southwestern Shore was a wedding gift that Mark Anthony gave to Cleopatra.
  • The number of archaelogical excavations going on in Turkey every year is at least 150.